Smart paper ticketing
As the usage of contactless proximity smart cards becomes more and more common, transport and event operators are beginning to switch to full contactless solutions. Smart paper tickets can easily be integrated into fare collection existing schemes and even standard paper ticket vending equipment can be upgraded. In addition this solution for low cost tickets can help operators to reduce the circulation of cash within the system.

Beside the perfect solution for the limited use ticket, smart paper tickets are bringing many additional benefits to the public transport fare collection schemes:
-Fraud reduction.
-Fare evasion reduction.
-Less maintenance costs.
-Less interaction steps with the equipment.
-Increases passenger throughput.
-It reduces cash flow and related operational costs.
-Enables aggregated services (such as payment systems for taxi fares, cinema and theatre tickets, loyalty programs, access management and parking).
-Combines ground, underground and inter-city ticketing.
-Enables co-operation between multiple Public Transport Operators.
-Extends convergence model with Single Trip Ticketing solution.
-Enables interoperability with all other services based on contactless technology. 

Adopted by many cities in the world (Moscow, Los Angeles, Venice, Atlanta, Miami, Singapore among the others), Smart Paper Ticketing provides accomplishment of the full contactless automatic fare collection schemes.

MIFARE Standards:

Standards are crucial to the adoption of technologies, as they provide the ability for multiple sourcing and a healthy competitive environment. They ensure that even years after the rollout of a smart card scheme, cards and terminals can still be purchased and will operate smoothly with the original installation.

The International Standards Organization (ISO) has standardized the technologies used in contactless smart cards. The relevant standards are ISO/IEC 14443 (proximity cards) and ISO/IEC 15693 (vicinity cards).

MIFARE complies with the international standard ISO/IEC 14443 Type A, which is used in more than 80% of all contactless smart cards today. Together, all other contactless proximity smart card technologies have less than 20% market share.

ISO/IEC 14443 is divided in 4 parts defining different aspects of the interface:
-ISO/IEC 14443-1:2000 Part 1: Physical characteristics.
-ISO/IEC 14443-2:2001 Part 2: Radio frequency power and signal interface.
-ISO/IEC 14443-3:2001 Part 3: Initialization and anticollision.
-ISO/IEC 14443-4:2001 Part 4: Transmission protocol.
 

MIFARE is a technology that has been chosen by the vast majority of public transport operators for their ticketing system.

The Mifare 1k contactless smart card is based on NXP MF1 IC S50, which is connected to a coil with a few turns and then embedded in plastic to form the passive contactless smart card. The communication layer (mifare RF Interface) complies with part 2 and 3 of the ISO/IEC1443A standard. It is contactless transmission of data and energy and no battery is needed.

Mifare 1k is fundamentally used for storing memories, while a simple security mechanism divides the memories into segments. Therefore, it is ideal for high volume transactions in all different applications, such as transport ticketing, time attendance solutions, car parking, road-tolling etc. It is mainly used in closed systems as fixed value tickets.