Contactless Smart Card

MIFARE is a trademark of NXP Semiconductors. With more than 3,5 billion smart card ICs and 40 million reader components sold, and it is considered one of the most successful contactless technologies in the world.MIFARE is a technology that has been selected for most contactless smart card projects worldwide and therefore, became the most successful platform within the automatic fare collection industry. MIFARE cards are reported the most widely used contactless smartcard technology for smart card transactions. In addition, its compelling product portfolio includes perfect solutions for other applications next to automatic fare collection such as loyalty programs, road tolling, transport ticketing, time attendance solutions, car parking, access management and gaming.

1994 — MIFARE Classic 1k contactless technology introduced.
1996 — First transport scheme in Seoul using MIFARE Classic 1k.
1997 — MIFARE PRO with Triple DES coprocessor introduced.
1999 — MIFARE PROX with PKI coprocessor introduced.
2001 — MIFARE UltraLight introduced.
2002 — MIFARE DESFire introduced, microprocessor based product.
2004 — MIFARE DESFire SAM introduced, secure infrastructure counterpart of MIFARE DESFire.
2006 — MIFARE DESFire EV1 is announced as the first product to support 128-bit AES.
2008 — MIFARE Plus is announced as a drop-in replacement for MIFARE Classic based on 128-bit AES.
2008 — MIFARE Ultralight C is introduced as paperticket IC featuring Triple DES Authentication.
2010 — MIFARE SAM AV2 is introduced as secure key storage for readers AES, Triple DES, PKI Authentication.

1994 Introduction of MIFARE 1k contactless technology.

1996 Roll-out of the first major transport project with MIFARE 1k.

1997 Introduction of MIFARE Pro,the first world-wide secured DIF µC with a 3DES coprocessor.

1999 Introduction of MIFARE ProX,the first worldwide secured DIF µC with a PKI coprocessor,first deployment of Dual Interface applications .50 million contactless MIFARE ICs shipped.

2000 Introduction of first fully integrated ISO 14443 reader IC family (RC500),100 million contactless and Dual Interface MIFARE ICs shipped,800,000 reader core components shipped.

2001 Introduction of MIFARE Ultralight ICs at CARTES 2001.Announcement of new SmartMX Triple-Interface Family,interoperable with ISO 14443 A, ISO 7816, USB.10 million ISO 14443 A Dual Interface MIFARE ICs shipped,250 million contactless and dual interface MIFARE ICs shipped,1.5 million MIFARE reader core components shipped.

2002 Introduction of MIFARE 4k ICs in January,Introduction of MIFARE DESFire ICs at CarteS 2002.

2003 MIFARE leads the market with a market share of 82%,400 million contactless & DIF MIFARE ICs shipped,2.5 million MIFARE reader core components shipped.

2004 Several roll-outs with MIFARE DESFire.major transport projects (p.e.: Sydney, Australia),major projects in access control (p.e.: Real Madrid, Spain), major projects in governmental access control (p.e.: DOD, NASA),500 million contactless & DIF MIFARE ICs shipped,5.0 million MIFARE reader core components shipped.

2005 Introduction of MIFARE DESFire infrastructure counterpart for MIFARE DESFire,More roll-outs with MIFARE DESFire,transport projects such as Seattle (USA),Wellington & Auckland (NZ),Dublin (Ireland),Oslo (Norway),Czech Railway (CZ),Nanjing (China).

2008 Introduction of MIFARE DESFire EV1,more choices of memory sizes and features.

2009 Introduction of MIFARE Ultralight C,Introduction of MIFARE Plus,Migration of existing projects to higher security,Los Angeles migrates to MIFARE Plus, London migrates to MIFARE DESFire EV1.

2010 Introduction of MIFARE SAM AV2.

MIFARE was developed by Mikron; the name stands for MIkron FARE-collection System. It was acquired by Philips in 1998. Mikron sourced silicon from Atmel in the US, Philips in the Netherlands, and Siemens in Germany.
Siemens (now Infineon Technologies )developed a wired-logic 1K byte chip based on MIFARE technology with some modifications including microprocessors with MIFARE emulations.
Motorola tried to develop MIFARE-like chip for wired-logic version but finally gave up. The project expected one million cards per month for start, but that fell to 100,000 per month just before they gave up the project.